|In Brief - Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Giuliani Partners LLC, which he founded in January 2002. Partner at Bracewell & Giuliani (announced March 2005; formerly Bracewell & Patterson). Time Magazine's Person of the Year in 2001. Withdrew from U.S. Senate race in May 2000 citing prostate cancer. Elected Mayor of the City of New York in Nov. 1993, re-elected in 1997. Ran for Mayor of New York City in 1989, losing by the narrow margin. Appointed U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, 1983. Appointed Associate Attorney General, 1981. Practiced law at Patterson, Belknap, Webb and Tyler, 1977-81. Served two years in Washington as Associate Deputy Attorney General and chief of staff to the Deputy Attorney General. Joined the U.S. Attorney's office in 1970; served as Chief of the Narcotics Unit and rose to executive U.S. Attorney. Graduate of Manhattan College, 1965 and New York University Law School, 1968. Born May 28, 1944 in Brooklyn, NY. [Timeline].|
New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani's calm and determination on Sept. 11, 2001 and in the weeks that followed earned him the moniker "America's Mayor." As Giuliani's successor Michael Bloomberg stated in his Inaugural Address on Jan. 1, 2002, "In our darkest hour, he was a ray of hope, a voice of reassurance to millions. He made us all proud and he reminded the world that New Yorkers don't quit." Since 9-11, Giuliani has received many honors from being named Time magazine's "Man of the Year" to an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth. Giuliani is also remembered as the Mayor who cleaned up New York City, cut serious crime and reformed welfare. Giuliani's no-nonsense approach did generate its share of detractors, but, as Fred Siegel, author of The Prince of the City, notes, Giuliani would "rather be respected than loved." Prior to becoming Mayor Giuliani achieved respect as U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York in the mid-1980's; as his online biography noted, "Few US Attorneys in history can match his record of 4,152 convictions with only 25 reversals."
By mid January 2002 Guiliani was hard at work starting up Giuliani Partners LLC, a consulting firm focusing primarily on security. He brought a number of his aides from the Mayor's office with him. A year later, in January 2003, Giuliani was in Mexico City, where business leaders put up a reported $4.2 million for advice from his firm on policing and cutting crime. That effort later received decidely mixed reviews. Other projects have included a review of electronic wagering systems for the National Thoroughbred Racing Association and an evaluation of the possible risks of importing Canadian and foreign medicines for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). In December 2004 Guiliani Partners substantially broadened its scope, acquiring Ernst & Young Corporate Finance LLC and forming Guiliani Capital Advisors LLC, focusing on investment banking [sold to the Macquarie Group, an Australian firm, in early March 2007]. Additionally Giuliani earned substantial fees, reportedly $100,000 per speech, for talking to various groups and conferences on subjects such as "Principles of Leadership" and "Leadership in Difficult Times." He is represented by the Washington Speakers Bureau.
Within weeks of leaving office, Guiliani started stumping and raising money for Republican candidates and causes. He made a couple of visits to California and did some TV ads, helping businessman Bill Simon, who had worked with him as Assistant U.S. Attorney in the mid-1980s, to a surprising win over former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan in March 2002 Republican primary. On February 8 he appeared at a luncheon for Georgia Republicans. At a March 6 dinner he helped the NRCC raise $7.5 million. There were dozens of other such appearances in 2002 and 2004. At the Republican National Convention on the evening of August 30, 2004 Giuliani delivered a very well received speech to the delegates, praising President Bush's steadfastness and sharply criticizing Senator Kerry as inconsistent. Giuliani declared, "It is important and critical to see the contrast in approach between the two men: President Bush, a leader who is willing to stick with difficult decisions even as public opinion shifts and goes back and forth; and John Kerry, whose record in elected office suggests a man who changes his position often, even on important issues." In the fall Giuliani stumped around the country with and for the President. His credibility took a bit of a hit at the end of 2004 when he recommended business partner and former police commissioner Bernard Kerik to President Bush to succeed Tom Ridge as Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security; Kerik ended up withdrawing on Dec. 10, 2004.
Return to Public Life
Giuliani had said numerous times that he would like to return to public life. In his first few years out of the Mayor's office it at times seemed as if his name came up every time there was a high level opening in the Bush administration. He was mentioned as a possible Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security when that department was being developed. In November 2002, when Harvey Pitt stepped down as head of the Securities and Exchange Commission Giuliani's name surfaced. When Vice President Cheney's position on the ticket seemed to be in doubt there were people advocating a Bush-Giuliani ticket in 2004. After Bush won a second term and Attorney General John Ashcroft stepped down, Giuliani's name again appeared. Following Hurricane Katrina, a number of Republicans including Rep. John Sweeney (R-NY) and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich suggested that President Bush appoint Giuliani to head relief efforts. None of these possibilities proved enticing enough to lure Giuliani away from Giuliani Partners and the speaking circuit. Perhaps the top job would entice Giuliani. There were signs of support. For example, in October 2005 Allen Fore and Nicholas Tyszka, two Chicago consultants, formed a Draft Rudy Giuliani for President NFP committee.
Testing the Waters
On Nov. 10, 2006, quietly and with no fanfare, Giuliani filed papers with New York State establishing the Rudy Giuliani Presidential Exploratory Committee, Inc. "to conduct federal 'testing-the-waters' activities." On Nov. 20, again quietly, Giuliani took another small step, filing papers with the FEC for his exploratory committee. (>)
Many early polls suggested Giuliani could be a strong candidate. For example, a Dec. 16, 2005 article on the CNN.com website proclaimed "Poll: Clinton vs. Giuliani in 2008." This was based on a Dec. 9-11 CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll of 393 registered voters who described themselves as Republicans and showed Giuliani ahead of McCain by 30% to 22% with a margin of error of plus or minus 5 percentage points. A Nov. 9-12, 2006 Pew Research Center poll of 1,479 Americans found Giuliani "neck and neck" with McCain. This strength carried into 2007.
Conventional wisdom, however, is that Giuliani will face a very difficult road to the Republican nomination because of his positions on abortion, gay rights, and gun regulations. Giuliani's support for abortion rights is perhaps the biggest hurdle he would face. A Republican National Coalition for Life newsletter from as far back as Jan. 7, 1999 mentioned Giuliani as one of several who "do not deserve the presidential or vice presidential nominations of the Republican Party because they oppose the first principles upon which our great nation was founded." In terms of gay rights, as Mayor, Giuliani appeared in the annual gay pride parades and hosted annual gay pride breakfasts at Gracie Mansion. On guns, for example, Giuliani stated in prepared remarks to the Citizens Crime Commission breakfast in New York City on March 6, 1997, "As a private citizen, as a prosecutor, as a Mayoral candidate and as Mayor, I have advocated for more regulated and more uniform gun licensing regulations, similar to those for a drivers license." He concluded those remarks stating, "Just as unimpeded interstate travel is Constitutionally guaranteed, but we reserve the right to regulate driving automobiles, so too must we sensibly regulate gun purchases to preserve the safety of all Americans." All these stances will undoubtedly raise red flags if not full stop signs among social conservatives who are a critical Republican voting bloc. In mid-March 2007 several conservative activists, terming Giuliani "an unacceptable Republican nominee for President of the United States," issued a "Conservative Declaration of Independence."
Giuliani has a direct response
to critics like these. Speaking at CPAC in Washington, DC on March
2, 2007 Giuliani quoted Ronald Reagan. "Ronald Reagan used to say,
'My 80 percent ally is not my 20 percent enemy,'" Giuliani said.
"What he meant by that is that we all don't see eye to eye on everything.
You and I have a lot of common beliefs that are the same, and we have some
that are different," he stated.
Readings and Articles
Giuliani was reported to be working on memoir about his time as a New York prosecutor, scheduled to be published by Miramax Books in Oct. 2007.
Paul D. Colford. "Rudy Book on Miramax Slate." Daily News. April 6, 2005.
Rudy Giuliani with Ken Kurson.
June 15, 2002. LEADERSHIP. New York: Talk Miramax Books.
(The original deal from Jan. 31, 2001 was a $2.7 million advance for two books, the leadership and management book and a memoir. Leadership easily covered the advance and Giuliani didn't write the second book).
Deborah H. Strober and Gerald
S. Strober. Jan. 2007. GUILIANI: FLAWED OR FLAWLESS?
The Oral Biography. Hoboken, NJ: John
Wiley & Sons.
"Giuliani presents a living portrait of one of the most prominent and controversial politicians of our era in the words of those who know him best. Featuring more than
forty interviews with longtime political associates, teachers, protégées, and friends, as well as his opponents, critics, and other astute political observers, it offers deep
and revealing insights into the political and personal evolution of America's most famous ex-mayor."
Wayne Barrett and Dan Collins.
Aug. 22, 2006. GRAND ILLUSION: The Untold Story of Rudy Giuliani
and 9/11. New York: HarperCollins.
"GRAND ILLUSION is the definitive report on Rudy Giuliani's role in 9/11—the true story of what happened that day and the first clear-eyed evaluation of Giuliani's role before, during, and after the disaster." Barrett is a senior editor at the Village Voice. He has covered city and state government and politics at the Voice for 28 years, and has written three books: City for Sale (1988); Trump: the Deals and the Downfall (1991); and Rudy! An Investigative Biography (2000). Collins is a senior producer for CBSNews.com.
Robert Polner, ed. Aug. 4,
2005. AMERICA'S MAYOR: The Hidden History of Rudy Giuliani's New
York. Brooklyn, NY: Soft
"Robert Polner collects the original essays and reporting of some of New York's most perceptive authors and reporters on Giuliani's two terms as mayor. The writers have few illusions about Rudy's turbulent reign, offering an informative and entertaining corrective to today's simplistic celebration of 'America's Mayor.'"
Fred Siegel. May 30,
2005. THE PRINCE OF THE CITY: Giuliani, New York, and the Genius
of American Life. New York: Encounter
Books. Also Brookings Institution forum.
"In this first comprehensive account of the career of 'America’s Mayor,' Fred Siegel shows how Rudi Giuliani’s successes in New York—restoring law and order, cutting taxes, and radically reducing the welfare rolls—demonstrated that cities might again become vibrant and dynamic places to live after thirty years of middle class flight."
Andrew Kirtzman. Nov. 15, 2001. RUDY GIULIANI: Emperor of the City. Perennial.
Kevin Keating, producer/director. GIULIANI TIME [film]. Cinema Libre Studio. Opened in New York on May 12, 2006.
"Kevin Keating’s chilling documentary examines Giuliani’s rise to power, his policies and his so-called turnaround of New York City. Interviewing journalists, activists, legal experts, and many of the city’s poor, 'Giuliani Time' reveals that while the Mayor touted his Broken Windows, Quality of Life and Zero Tolerance policies, the reality on the streets was police brutality, violations of the First Amendment and racist actions."
[TV movie] Directed by Robert
Dornhelm, "Rudy: The Rudy Giuliani Story," first telecast March
30, 2003 on the USA network (1hr 38min).
James Woods starred as Giuliani. The movie was based very loosely on Wayne Barrett's very critical 2000 book RUDY! An Investigative Biography of Rudolph Giuliani, published by Basic Books. NBC had planned to do a movie based on Kirtzman's book but that did not happen.
Stephen Rodrick. 'Rudy Tuesday." New York. March 5, 2007. ("Him?" cover)
May 7, 2007-Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani (R) addresses a Heritage Foundation dinner.
March 22, 2007-Addresses the National Newspaper Association and receives the endorsement of former Maryland Gov. Bob Ehrlich.
March 12, 2007-Receives the endorsement of Sen. David Vitter (R-LA).
Sept. 28, 2005-Speaks at the Friend of Israel Award Banquet.
On the Web
March 23, 2007 grab
(day after redesign launch)
Dec. 19, 2006 grab
(day of launch)
June 14, 2006 grab
Aug. 8, 2006 grab
March 31, 2006 grab
(Matt Barr) March 31, 2006 grab
|Copyright © 2005, 2006, 2007 Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action||